heb iets gevonden toen ik naar info over boeddhisme zocht, dacht.. dat is misschien ook wat voor de rest om eens over te lezen..
Arhat (阿羅漢). A voice-hearer who has attained the fourth and highest fruit on the Liberation Way (see voice-hearer fruits) by shattering his fixation on having an autonomous self and eradicating all his afflictions. A Buddha is also an Arhat, but not vice versa (see bodhi). As the second of a Buddha’s ten epithets, Arhat means worthy of offerings.
voice-hearer fruits (聲聞果).
A. The holy fruits achieved by voice-hearers on the Liberation Way are (1) Srotāpanna, the Stream-Enterer who will attain Arhatship after at most seven times being reborn as a god and then a human; (2) Sakṛdāgāmin, the Once-Returner who will be reborn as a human only once more before attaining Arhatship; (3) Anāgāmin, the Never-Returner who will not be reborn as a human but will attain Arhatship in a Pure Abode Heaven in the form realm; and (4) Arhat, who has realized the nirvāṇa with remnant by annihilating his fixation on having an autonomous self and eradicating all his afflictions.
B. These four holy fruits and the corresponding nearness to them are called the eight holy ranks (八聖). Actually, one who is in the first rank, nearing the first holy fruit, is only a sage, and those in the higher seven ranks are holy beings. Those who are still learning (śaikṣa, 有學) are in the first seven ranks. Only Arhats, in the eight rank, are those who have nothing more to learn (aśaikṣa, 無學).